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Patient Discharge Instructions

Traumatic Brain Injury

The following instructions are provided to guide you during your recovery at home. Please carefully read and follow these guidelines to ensure a smooth healing process:

Physical and Cognitive Rest:

  • Rest is crucial for brain healing. Avoid strenuous physical activities, including exercise, for the first few weeks following your injury.
  • Limit activities that require intense concentration or mental effort, such as reading, working on a computer, or watching television for extended periods.
  • Take regular breaks and ensure sufficient sleep and rest throughout the day.


  • Take all prescribed medications as directed by your doctor, including pain relievers, anti-seizure medications, and any other medications.
  • Follow the recommended schedule and dosage instructions provided to you.
  • If you experience any adverse reactions or have concerns about your medications, consult your healthcare provider.

Cognitive and Speech Therapy:

  • Your doctor may recommend cognitive and speech therapy sessions to aid in your recovery. Attend all scheduled appointments and follow the therapist’s instructions.
  • Engage in exercises and activities designed to improve memory, attention, language skills, and problem-solving abilities.
  • Inform your therapist if you experience any difficulties or frustrations during the sessions.

Safety Measures:

  • Take precautions to prevent falls and further head injuries.
  • Use handrails, non-slip mats, and other safety devices in your home.
  • Avoid activities that may put you at risk of injury, such as contact sports or high-risk recreational activities.
  • Wear appropriate protective gear, such as helmets, when engaging in activities with a risk of head injury.

Diet and Nutrition:

  • Follow a healthy and balanced diet to support your recovery and overall well-being.
  • Ensure an adequate intake of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and healthy fats.
  • Stay hydrated by drinking plenty of fluids unless otherwise instructed by your doctor.

Signs of Issues:

  • Be aware of any signs of potential complications and seek immediate medical attention if you experience any of the following:
  • Worsening headache, persistent nausea, or vomiting
  • Increased drowsiness or difficulty waking up
  • Seizures or convulsions
  • Slurred speech or difficulty understanding speech
  • Weakness or numbness in the arms or legs
  • Changes in vision, such as blurred or double vision
  • Unusual behavior, confusion, or difficulty remembering things
  • Fever with a temperature above 100.4°F (38°C)

Emotional Support and Mental Health:

  • It is common to experience emotional changes, such as mood swings or feelings of sadness, after a traumatic brain injury. Seek support from friends, family, or a mental health professional.
  • If you experience symptoms of depression, anxiety, or any other mental health concerns, consult your healthcare provider for appropriate guidance and support.

Follow-Up Appointments:

  • Attend all scheduled follow-up appointments with your doctor to monitor your progress and address any concerns.
  • Discuss with your healthcare provider any questions or difficulties you may be experiencing during your recovery.
Remember, traumatic brain injury recovery is a gradual process, and it may take time to regain function and adapt to any changes. Be patient with yourself and follow the recommendations provided by your healthcare team. Reach out to your healthcare provider if you have any concerns or questions during your recovery.

Wishing you a smooth recovery and improved health. Please do not hesitate to contact us if you need further assistance.


NeurosurgeryLA Team

Schedule your appointment

To schedule your consultation, please sign up here or by phone at (213) 262-8787. Our office works hard to get all patients an in-person or video visit within 48 hours of contacting us.
Neurosurgeon based out of Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Dignity Health Northridge Medical Center, and PIH Health Good Samaritan in Los Angeles, California. Click here to add Dr. Zachary Barnard to your phone contacts.

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